What is customer identity and access management? 

We answer five top questions about CIAM and its importance to customer relationships and business success

Hands holding up a sign saying 'know your customer' in red letters

Improving customer experience is the driving force behind many an organisation’s digital transformation, as any savvy business knows that in our experience economy, how a customer perceives every interaction with your business is integral to its success.

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With 85% of respondents to a survey saying a personalised experience is key to earning their business and 67% saying they would pay more for these experiences, it’s clear that you need to deliver multi-channel, seamless interactions that make your customers feel seen. 

How you manage and protect customer data is a big part of this, as it helps gain trust and adds to the overall experience. How do you do this, though, with the proliferation of extra devices like connected cars and smartwatches complicating secure, multi-channel interactions? 

And since in the past, more data security has often been tied to having less visibility, how can you juggle protecting their information with using it to offer the best experiences? 

This is where customer identity and access management (CIAM) comes in. 

What is the difference between IAM and CIAM? 

Traditional identity and access management (IAM) is designed for authentication and access within an organisation. It is used for controlling an employee’s access when they join, leave, or change roles and doesn’t cover requirements that are specific to customers, like how they prefer their data to be managed when they sign up to a website. 

On the other hand, in addition to securing a customer’s information, CIAM is also geared towards creating better experiences through data collection. It benefits businesses as well, allowing them to build customer profiles with the data collected and better target customers for higher conversions. 

Why do you need CIAM?

Customers have high expectations and they can quickly get impatient when those expectations aren’t being met. It doesn’t take too many mistakes, inconveniences, or pages that won’t load before they share their bad experiences with others, so the stakes of CIAM are high. 

When we look at traditional methods of managing customer data without a CIAM platform, there are many pitfalls. 

Normally, authentication is built into the website and credentials are stored in back-end databases, which don’t transfer sign-in information or social logins across multiple web applications and create more friction for customers.

This method also doesn’t update automatically, meaning you miss out on new features like multi-factor authentication or the latest security offerings.

If customers can’t easily access services with a single sign-on and their data is at risk, they’re likely to desert your business in favour of a competitor. 

What benefits can my organisation get from CIAM?

As we’ve already touched on, a good CIAM platform will offer your organisation more visibility into customer behaviour, from their purchase histories to usage trends. 

This customer profile informs sales forecasting, personalised marketing, and new product development, which shows your customers you understand them and their needs. Specially built for consumer applications, CIAM platforms can also be scaled to handle millions of interactions. 

What benefits can my customers get from CIAM?

As a direct result of the increased visibility for businesses, customers will, of course, have interactions that are more relevant to them and actually serve their specific needs. 

They also get frictionless access across any device using single sign-on or social login. 

Through a CIAM platform, their data is better protected through multi-factor authentication (MFA), threat detection, and password backlists, and it’s easy for them to manage consent for how their data can be used or ask to be removed from systems. 

How do I choose a CIAM solution? 

When you begin your search for the right CIAM platform, there are several key things you’ll want on your checklist. 

Firstly, look for a system that can integrate with CRM systems, marketing platforms, e-commerce platforms, content management systems (CMS), data management platforms, and more. Without integrations, you won’t be able to use all of the data at your disposal to build customer profiles and deliver the best, most personalised experiences possible. 

The platform also needs to operate consistently across all devices and touchpoints and bring the data together in a unified database to provide you with a comprehensive view of your customers. You’ll want it to be flexible so you can collect what’s most relevant to you. 

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The future of CIAM: Four trends shaping identity and access management - whitepaper from OktaDownload now

Many CIAM platforms are cloud-based, which offers scalability and reliability, but you’ll still need to integrate this platform with other systems that are on-premises, so a hybrid architecture may be the best option. 

And, of course, make sure it has built-in features for data regulation compliance and data breaches so that you maintain customer trust and your brand reputation. Customers want their information to be secure, but the onus is the business to ensure this while offering their customers convenience.

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